Subrogation action by title underwriter under Executive Law Section 135 for notarial misconduct. Title underwriter sought to recover attorney’s fees expended on behalf of its insured to quiet the insured’s title after a deed on which the forged signature of the grantor was acknowledged by the defendant notary enabling the deed to be recorded. The lower court dismissed the action after trial holding the underwriter had to demonstrate its insured’s detrimental reliance on the forged signature to establish the notarial misconduct was causally related to injury. The firm appealed arguing executive law 5135 does not require detrimental reliance on the notary’s acts. The Appellate Division, Second Department, agreed reversing the trial court holding the causation element under Executive Law 135.