Subrogation action by title underwriter under Executive Law Section 135 for notarial misconduct. Title underwriter sought to recover attorney’s fees expended on behalf of its insured to quiet the insured’s title clouded by a recorded deed on which the forged signature of the grantor was acknlowedged by the defendant notary. The lower court dismissed the action after trial holding the underwriter had to demonstrate its insured’s detrimental reliance on the forged signature to establish the notarial misconduct was causally related to injury. The Appellate Division Second Department reversed holding the causation element under Executive Law 135 was satisfied by demonstrating the property was conveyed without the grantor’s consent.